Substations receive electricity from transmission lines and lower its voltage for local distribution. The equipment in these fenced-in facilities poses significant hazards to first responders.
Oil-filled transformers serve to cool and insulate internal components. If there is a fire, the oil can explode, spill and/or produce hazardous smoke. Any substation fire should be treated as a hazardous materials response.
Circuit breakers automatically test and re-energize circuits multiple times. Even if a circuit fails, it could potentially become live again due to the activity of automatic circuit breakers. For safety’s sake, always assume that substation equipment is energized.
Control buildings house equipment for controlling and monitoring substation batteries in addition to other equipment. Never enter a substation unless you have the assistance of qualified personnel.